In 1900, a category 4 hurricane slammed into the city of Galveston, Texas. The damage was astonishing; 3,600 buildings destroyed by winds over 135 miles. Storm surges got up to 15 feet and up to 12,000 people died. The reason that there was so much damage was because the Weather Bureau in Washington had predicted that the storm would pass over Florida and move up to New England, which was really wrong.
At this time, the Weather Bureau, which later became the National Weather Service, was only 10 years old and wasn't very advanced. The bureau's director had shut down communication about weather between Cuba and the united States and told U.S. forecasters that they had to go through Washington in order to issue a hurricane warning, which just made everything more difficult. The regional meteorologists realized that the storm wasn't going to pass them too late and did not have enough time to warn the city.
In the wake of the Galveston Hurricane, the Weather Bureau opened up communication channels, both internationally and within the US. It is because of devastating storms like Galveston that we have such a reliable weather predicting service now.
Thursday, September 21, 2017
Wednesday, September 20, 2017
With so much chaos in the world, scientists have redeveloped a Nuclear test map that any can use. While it is fun to play around with, it is also extremely frightening. The new map uses real-time weather forecasts to predict a number of casualties and damage done to a region. You have the option of picking a bomb, picking the city, and more with this interactive map.
Nukemap is designed to illustrate the damage that can be caused by a nuclear bomb. By using the weather, it makes the situation even more realistic. The sheer number of options available for your own bomb is quite frightening as well. This goes to show how important the weather can be to an entire nation.
In recent weeks, the lower United States and Caribbean Islands have been greatly affected by four different Hurricanes. While many have stepped in to help the families living in these areas, one can't help but be relieved that it didn't affect them. This is just the nature of humans. But let's not get too comfortable.
According to the Weather Network, severe rainstorms are heading towards the plains and Midwest. Experts are warning anyone "from the Upper Peninsula of Michigan to northern Missouri" to stay safe and prepare shelter. They say that the cold front will last until Friday, bringing a scatter of wind, rain, and hail. Hopefully, this does not predict what Fall will be like for the Midwest.
Tuesday, September 19, 2017
Hurricane Katrina is quite possibly the United State’s most popular hurricane ever. Katrina started out as a tropical depression when it showed up southeast of the bahamas then worked its way up to a tropical storm, and then a hurricane. By the time Katrina made landfall in Louisiana, it was a category 5 hurricane. The damage it left was wildly devastating to multiple communities.
The official death toll of Katrina is 1,836 casualties, with 1,577 from Louisiana and the rest all coming from surrounding states in the south. Katrina also left behind roughly $108 billion in damage and millions of people homeless. After Katrina, many newer, better, ways to evacuate and alert the public were created as well as a new and improved levee system.
, an "extremely dangerous" storm, made landfall on the small island of Dominica Monday night as a Category 5 storm, then weakened ever-so-slightly to a Category 4, the U.S. National Hurricane Center (NHC) said early Tuesday.
The storm had maximum winds at 155 mph as it surged into the eastern Caribbean.
The Dominica Prime Minister was tweeting about the devastation. One tweet reads "My roof is gone. I am at the complete mercy of the hurricane. House is flooding."
The storm was on a path that would take it near many of the islands already wrecked by Hurricane Irma and then on toward Puerto Rico and the Dominican Republic. Maria could hit Puerto Rico on Wednesday, said Ernesto Morales with the U.S. National Weather Service in San Juan.
The NHC forecast Maria's eye would move over the northeastern Caribbean Sea on Tuesday and approach the Virgin Islands and Puerto Rico Tuesday night and Wednesday.
Hurricane warnings were issued for Puerto Rico, Culebra, Vieques, the U.S. and British Virgin Islands, Guadeloupe, Dominica, St. Kitts, Nevis and Montserrat. A tropical storm warning was issued for Antigua and Barbuda, Saba, St. Eustatius, St. Martin, St. Lucia, Martinique and Anguilla.
University of Miami hurricane researcher Brian McNoldy says one key sign of Maria's growing strength is what center forecasters call "the dreaded pinhole eye." Maria's eye has shrunk to 10 miles in diameter -- a smaller, tighter eye makes the hurricane spin faster.